Cyber secuRity in Uas mIssions by SatellitE link
All the aeronautical European development plans suggest a vast diffusion and application of remotely piloted aircrafts (RPAS) in many industrial areas, from land monitoring of specific areas to sensible zones patrolling. The integration of RPAS in a non-segregated airspace sets some real challenges related to cyber-attack risk assessment. Cyber-attacks to RPAS can affect operation safety and airspace safety or, in the worst hypothesis, they can seriously injure people and damage property. CRUISE’s intent is to design, develop and validate a CyberSec Test Range, a technological framework which is strictly linked to Gottaglie Airport, a center that already experiments RPAS and studies the integration of UAS in non-segregated airspace, a place where the overall assessment on vulnerability and resilience of UAS with respect to cyber-attacks can be led. The CyberSec Test Range will set up a combination of services combining ICT systems, SATCOM and SATNAV services aimed at evaluating the overall vulnerability of UAS, and this includes the analysis of flight platforms, on board avionics and payload sensors. Moreover, quality, consistency and integrity of data collected during VLOS, RLOS, BRLOS operations will be verified. The following categories of cyber-attacks will be subject to the examination:
- Hardware attacks – the hacker has direct access to the RPAS;
- Wireless attacks – the hacker uses wireless communication channels in order to attack command, control and communication systems;
- Sensor Spoofing – The hacker substitutes real data collected by the on-board sensors (i.e. receivers, vision, radar, sonar, LIDAR and IR sensors) with fake data.
- Hardware and software systems capable of realizing cyber-attacks on UAV simulator during air operation simulations (software in-the-loop)
- Hardware and software systems capable of realizing cyber-attacks in emulated air operations (hardware in-the-loop)
- Vulnerability analysis conducted through the actuation of real test flights in which data and information about cyber-attacks are sent to the Mission Integration and Verification System in order to develop a risk assessment report.
The main benefit that customers can obtain from the exploitation of CRUISE and CyberSec Test Range results, that is to say vulnerability assessment related to RPAS and their payloads, is the possibility to validate their own aeronautical product (avionics, payload…) or to individuate sources of risk in the system and therefore fix them. CRUISE offers the possibility to verify whether an RPAS can withstand attacks to payload data or to the geolocation system. Such benefits can be obtained in design phase or during the development of composing architectures of the UAS platform thus evaluating cyber-vulnerability in a simulated environment, through an emulation system or through real flight tests. These benefits can be spread to producers of on board avionic devices (SATCOM devices, software systems,…) as well as air systems integrators.
Project manager: Marco Romani, Planetek Italia
Total cost: 2.1M€
Start and end date: 01/2019 – 06/2021
More info: Marco Romani, Planetek Italia, firstname.lastname@example.org, Antonio Zilli, email@example.com, Distretto Tecnologico Aerospaziale Scarl
Partners: Planetek Italia, Distretto Tecnologico Aerospaziale, Leonardo, Aeroporti di Puglia, ENAV, Telespazio.