National Satellite Navigation Program for Civil Aviation
(Law 10/2001 of 29 January 2001)
GNSS Monitoring for RPAS Navigation
The Italian Space Agency (ASI) and ENAV, following the collaboration agreement in the field of air navigation by means of satellite systems, have jointly defined the Program of activities within the framework of the initiatives promoted and financed by Law 10/2001 of 29 January 2001, on Satellite Navigation. During these activities, the National Satellite Navigation Program for Civil Aviation for the period 2016-2019 (called Satellite Navigation Program for RPAS/UAS) was agreed.
The development of UAS (Unmanned Aircraft System) and RPAS (Remotely Piloted Aircraft System) navigation infrastructures assumes that these systems are equipped with GNSS navigation equipment, in accordance with the current national regulations of ENAC (National Civil Aviation Authority) and European EASA (European Union Aviation Safety Agency) for flight rules based on the U-space concept.
Considering the enormous amount and heterogeneity of electromagnetic signals present in urbanized contexts and near the ground, and their potential interference on the bands in use, including GNSS and command and control bands for navigation, it is necessary to evaluate, identify, define, and develop tools for monitoring and detection of anomalies (desired or unwanted) with particular attention to the navigation infrastructure.